Concussion Procedure and Protocol

Fairbanks Youth Soccer Association

Concussion Procedure and Protocol

Concussion: a traumatic brain injury that interferes with normal brain function. Medically, a concussion is a complex, pathophysiological event to the brain that is induced by trauma which may or may not involve a loss of consciousness (LOC). Concussion results in a constellation of physical, cognitive, emotional, and sleep-related symptoms. Signs or symptoms may last from several minutes to days, weeks, months or even longer in some cases.

CONCUSSION SIGNS, SYMPTOMS, AND MANAGEMENT AT PRACTICE AND GAMES

Step 1 Did a concussion occur?

Evaluate the player and note if any of the following signs and/or symptoms are present:

(1) Dazed look or confusion about what happened

(2) Memory difficulties, short attention span, can't keep focused

(3) Neck pain, headaches, nausea, vomiting, double vision, blurriness, ringing noise or sensitive to sounds

(4) Slow reaction time, slurred speech, bodily movements are lagging, fatigue, and slowly answers questions

or has difficulty answering questions

(5) Abnormal physical and/or mental behavior

(6) Coordination skills are behind, ex: balancing, dizziness, clumsiness, reaction time

Step 2 Emergency treatment needed?

This would include the following scenarios:

(1) Spine or neck injury or pain

(2) Behavior patterns change, unable to recognize people/places, less responsive than usual

(3) Seizures or loss of consciousness

(4) Headaches that worsen, weakness, numbness in arms and legs

(5) Very drowsy, can't be awakened, increasing confusion or irritability

(6) Repeated vomiting

Step 3 If a possible concussion occurred, but no emergency treatment is needed, what should be done now?

Focus on these areas every 5-10 min for the next 1 - 2 hours, without returning to any activities:

(1) Balance, movement, and speech

(2) Memory, instructions, and responses

(3) Attention on topics, details, confusion, and ability to concentrate

(4) State of consciousness

(5) Mood, behavior, and personality

(6) Headache or "pressure" in head and nausea or vomiting, sensitivity to light and noise

Players shall not re-enter game, practice, or partake in any soccer related activities for at least 24 hours. Even if there are no signs or symptoms after 15-20 min, activity should not be taken by the player.

Step 4 A player diagnosed with a possible concussion may return to play only after release from a medical doctor.

Step 5 If there is a possibility of a concussion, do the following:

(1) The FYSA Concussion Notification Form is to be completed and signed by the team coach or volunteer.

(2) The parent / legal guardian of the player must sign and date the form.

(3) If the parent / legal guardian are not present, then team coach or volunteer is responsible for notifying the parent / legal guardian by phone and indicate the date / time the parent / legal guardian was notified on the form.

(4) Submit the form to the FYSA Office in person or by email within 24 hours of the incident.